Economy laws

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See also: Laws
The numbers in green refer to the number of alternative laws currently available to be enacted in that sub-category.

Economy laws define where the treasury's money comes from and how it can be spent.

Economic System is a crucial law group -- this governs whether the country operates on principles of mercantilism, isolationism, or free trade, among others.

Income Tax determines which pops should be taxed and what range of tax burden is appropriate. No income tax at all is of course an option, and legislation to such effect will make some pops both rich and happy! Poll taxation, or levying a fixed tax per head, is another option primarily used in less industrialized societies. (There are other avenues of taxation as well, but these are the ones driven by legislation.)

Finally, the player can choose what form the institutions of Colonization, Policing, Education System, and Health System will take in your country. For example, one can keep government spending under control by instituting charity hospitals, which have limited effect and boost the power of the clergy, or one could pass a public health insurance law which is costlier but can have a greater impact on the health of the masses.

Colonization[edit | edit source]

Your stance on establishing colonies to supplant and conquer decentralized nations.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Support
No Colonial Affairs icon
No Colonial Affairs
The country does not engage in any formal type of colonization and cannot establish colonies.
NoInstitution colonization.png Disable colonial affairs institution
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces neutral
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk approve
Colonial Resettlement icon
Colonial Resettlement
Colonies are established to provide land to settlers from the country's incorporated states.
Invention colonization.png Colonization
  • +100% Migration attraction in unincorporated states
  • Institution colonization.png Colonial affairs institution:
    • +0.1 Colonial growth generation
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk disapprove
Colonial Exploitation icon
Colonial Exploitation
Colonies are established to exploit the area for their natural resources and cheap labor.
Invention colonization.png Colonization
  • −25% Subsistence output in unincorporated states
  • −25% Starting wages in unincorporated states
  • −25% Tension decay
  • +10% Throughput in unincorporated states
  • Institution colonization.png Colonial affairs institution:
    • +0.1 Colonial growth generation
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk disapprove

Economic System[edit | edit source]

The fundamental principles of your economy.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Support
Traditionalism icon
Traditionalism
Pre-industrial subsistence economy with little central control.
  • NoLaw graduated taxation.png Graduated Taxation
  • NoLaw per capita taxation.png Per-Capita Taxation
  • NoLaw proportional taxation.png Proportional Taxation
  • Hud bureaucracy.png −25% Bureaucracy population cost multiplier
  • Hud money.png −25% Taxation capacity
  • Yes Can subsidize building types:
    • Infrastructure
    • Trade centers
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners strongly approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Interventionism icon
Interventionism
To ensure the stability of our nation, government must curb the worst excesses of private businesses.
  • Invention manufacturies.png Manufacturies
  • NoLaw serfdom.png Serfdom
  • Pop aristocrats.png +5% Aristocrats investment pool contribution
  • Pop capitalists.png +25% Capitalists investment pool contribution
  • Yes Can subsidize all building types
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists approve
  • IG landowners.png Landowners neutral
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions approve
Agrarianism icon
Agrarianism
A rural economy emphasizing agricultural development and community.
Invention romanticism.png Romanticism
  • Pop aristocrats.png +25% Aristocrats investment pool contribution
  • Yes Can subsidize building types:
    • Agriculture
    • Infrastructure
    • Plantations
    • Ranches
    • Trade centers
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Laissez-Faire icon
Laissez-Faire
A liberal economy founded on the principles of comparative advantage and that fewer government interventions means greater growth
  • Invention international trade.png International Trade
  • NoLaw isolationism.png Isolationism
  • NoLaw serfdom.png Serfdom
  • Pop capitalists.png +50% Capitalists investment pool contribution
  • −25% Loan interest rate
  • Yes Can subsidize building types:
    • Infrastructure
    • Trade centers
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists strongly approve
  • IG landowners.png Landowners disapprove
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Command Economy icon
Command Economy
An inward-focused interventionist economy where the government directly manages most aspects of production.
  • Invention central planning.png Central Planning
  • NoLaw serfdom.png Serfdom
  • Hud authority.png +25% Authority
  • Hud money.png +25% Taxation capacity
  • Yes Subsidies mandated
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists strongly disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners strongly disapprove
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk strongly disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions approve

Education System[edit | edit source]

For when the children are done with chimney sweeping chores.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Support
No Schools icon
No Schools
Education is the parents' responsibility. Only the most leisurely citizens learn to read and write.
NoLaw compulsory primary school.png Compulsory Primary School NoInstitution schools.png Disable Education institution
  • IG devout.png Devout neutral
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Religious Schools icon
Religious Schools
Letting the church take care of state education ensures a loyal and morally healthy population.
NoLaw total separation.png Total Separation
  • NoLaw serfdom.png Serfdom
  • Institution schools.png Education institution:
    • +20% Conversion
    • +10% Education access
    • IG devout.png +10% Devout political strength
  • YesDecree promote social mobility.png Unlock Promote social mobility decree
  • IG devout.png Devout approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Private Schools icon
Private Schools
Schooling is best left to private interests who can assure freedom of choice in one's education.
NoLaw state religion.png State Religion
  • Institution schools.png Education institution:
    • +0.5% Education access (wealth-based)
    • IG intelligensia.png +10% Intelligentsia political strength
  • YesDecree promote social mobility.png Unlock Promote social mobility decree
  • IG devout.png Devout disapprove
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists approve
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Public Schools icon
Public Schools
Schooling is the responsibility of the state, and should be standardized and equally accessible to all.
NoLaw state religion.png State Religion
  • NoLaw serfdom.png Serfdom
  • Institution schools.png Education institution:
    • +12.5% Assimilation
    • +10% Education access
  • YesDecree promote social mobility.png Unlock Promote social mobility decree
  • IG devout.png Devout disapprove
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions approve

Health System[edit | edit source]

Laws about the government's involvement (or lack thereof) in providing healthcare for its citizens.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Support
No Health System icon
No Health System
The government does not fund any system of healthcare.
NoInstitution health service.png Disable health system institution
  • IG devout.png Devout disapprove
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Charity Hospitals icon
Charity Hospitals
Charitable organizations — often religious ones — provide some help to anyone who's sick or dying, to the degree they are able.
Invention medical degrees.png Medical Degrees
  • Institution health service.png Enables health system institution investment
  • Institution health service.png Health system institution:
    • −5% Mortality
    • IG devout.png +10% Devout political strength
  • IG devout.png Devout approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Private Health Insurance icon
Private Health Insurance
Population health is managed through a system of privately owned hospitals paid through private health insurance programs, ensuring the well-being of those who can afford it with minimal impact on the government treasury.
Invention pharmaceuticals.png Pharmaceuticals
  • Institution health service.png Enables health system institution investment
  • Institution health service.png +2 Max health system institution investment
  • Institution health service.png Health system institution:
    • −0.3% Mortality per wealth
  • IG devout.png Devout disapprove
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists strongly approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Public Health Insurance icon
Public Health Insurance
The government provides a publicly funded health insurance program ensuring equal access to care for all.
Invention pharmaceuticals.png Pharmaceuticals
  • Institution health service.png Enables health system institution investment
  • Institution health service.png +2 Max health system institution investment
  • Institution health service.png Health system institution:
    • −5% Mortality
  • IG devout.png Devout neutral
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions approve

Policing[edit | edit source]

The priorities of the national police force.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Support
No Police icon
No Police
Any sort of structured police force does not exist in this country.
NoInstitution police.png Disable law enforcement institution
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie disapprove
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk approve
Local Police Force icon
Local Police Force
This country has local police forces operating.
Invention law enforcement.png Law Enforcement
  • Institution police.png Law enforcement institution:
    • −20% State penalties from turmoil
    • IG landowners.png +10% Landowners political strength
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces neutral
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie neutral
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk disapprove
Dedicated Police Force icon
Dedicated Police Force
This country has a dedicated police force with standardized training.
Invention law enforcement.png Law Enforcement
  • Institution police.png +2 Max law enforcement institution investment
  • Institution police.png Law enforcement institution:
    • −5% Radicals from standard of living decreases
    • −15% State penalties from turmoil
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces approve
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
Militarized Police Force icon
Militarized Police Force
By giving your police force military equipment and military training, their effectiveness at carrying out your will increases.
Invention mass surveillance.png Mass Surveillance
  • Institution police.png +2 Max law enforcement institution investment
  • Institution police.png Law enforcement institution:
    • −5% Radicals from discrimination
    • −15% State penalties from turmoil
    • +0.4% Mortality per turmoil
    • IG armed forces.png +10% Armed forces political strength
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces strongly approve
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia strongly disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie strongly approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk strongly disapprove

Taxation[edit | edit source]

How the state raises revenue by taxing its citizens.

Law Requirements Taxation Interest Group Support
Type Very Low Low Medium High Very High
Consumption-Based Taxation icon
Consumption-Based Taxation
A tax system where there are no direct income or per-capita taxes and instead revenue is raised through taxing the consumption of goods.
Consumption tax rate +20% +27.5% +35% +42.5% +50%
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces disapprove
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie neutral
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Other effects
  • Hud bureaucracy.png −25% Bureaucracy population cost multiplier
  • Hud authority.png −50% Consumption tax cost
Land-Based Taxation icon
Land-Based Taxation
A traditional form of land-based taxation, collected mainly from the peasantry.
Consumption tax rate +20% +27.5% +35% +42.5% +50%
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces neutral
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie disapprove
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Land tax +0.4 +0.55 +0.65 +0.85 +1
Income tax rate +4% +6.5% +7% +8.5% +10%
Per-Capita Taxation icon
Per-Capita Taxation
A tax system that disproportionally taxes the poor through a combination of income and per-capita taxes.
  • Invention currency standards.png Currency Standards
  • NoLaw traditionalism.png Traditionalism
Consumption tax rate +20% +27.5% +35% +42.5% +50%
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists approve
  • IG landowners.png Landowners neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Land tax +0.2 +0.275 +0.35 +0.425 +0.5
Per-capita tax +0.4 +0.55 +0.7 +0.85 +1
Income tax rate +10% +12.5% +15% +17.5% +20%
Proportional Taxation icon
Proportional Taxation
A mainly income-based tax system that tries to ensure everyone pays a roughly equal share of their income to the state.
  • Invention egalitarianism.png Egalitarianism
  • NoLaw traditionalism.png Traditionalism
Consumption tax rate +20% +27.5% +35% +42.5% +50%
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Income tax rate +15% +20% +25% +30% +35%
Dividends tax rate +15% +20% +25% +30% +35%
Graduated Taxation icon
Graduated Taxation
A tax system that aims to put the burden of taxation primarily on the well-to-do through high Dividends taxes.
  • Invention socialism.png Socialism
  • NoLaw traditionalism.png Traditionalism
Consumption tax rate +20% +27.5% +35% +42.5% +50%
  • IG armed forces.png Armed Forces approve
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners strongly disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petit Bourgeoisie disapprove
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions approve
Income tax rate +10% +12.5% +15% +17.5% +20%
Dividends tax rate +30% +35% +40% +45% +50%

Trade Policy[edit | edit source]

Laws governing trade and the exchange of goods across borders.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Support
Mercantilism icon
Mercantilism
An export-focused economy with an emphasis on keeping a positive current account and competing with other nations.
Invention manufacturies.png Manufacturies
  • Effects for "No priority" tariff setting:
    • +15% Tariffs on imports
    • +5% Tariffs on exports
  • Effects for "Prioritize imports" tariff setting:
    • +10% Tariffs on exports
  • Effects for "Prioritize exports" tariff setting:
    • +30% Tariffs on imports
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists neutral
  • IG landowners.png Landowners approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk neutral
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral
Protectionism icon
Protectionism
Our industries must be protected from the depredations of foreign market actors.
Invention international trade.png International Trade
  • Effects for "No priority" tariff setting:
    • +10% Tariffs on imports
    • +10% Tariffs on exports
  • Effects for "Prioritize imports" tariff setting:
    • +20% Tariffs on exports
  • Effects for "Prioritize exports" tariff setting:
    • +20% Tariffs on imports
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners neutral
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions approve
Free Trade icon
Free Trade
The free exchange of goods must not be impeded, as trade is for the benefit of all.
  • Invention international trade.png International Trade
  • NoLaw command economy.png Command Economy
  • +50% Trade route competitiveness
  • +50% Trade route volume
  • −50% Trade route bureaucracy cost
  • Goods opium.png If Opium is banned, it will be unbanned
  • Goods liquor.png If Liquor is banned, it will be unbanned
  • Information No tariffs for any goods
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists approve
  • IG landowners.png Landowners disapprove
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk disapprove
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions disapprove
Isolationism icon
Isolationism
An economy focused on supplying the nation's needs internally, while keeping out of the affairs of others.
  • Invention centralization.png Centralization
  • NoLaw laissez faire.png Laissez-Faire
  • Hud authority.png +50% Authority
  • Hud money.png +25% Tax Capacity
  • -50% Maximum Declared Interests
  • -15% Technology Spread
  • No Disable trade routes
  • Information No tariffs for any goods
  • IG industrialists.png Industrialists strongly disapprove
  • IG landowners.png Landowners approve
  • IG rural folk.png Rural Folk approve
  • IG trade unions.png Trade Unions neutral

References[edit | edit source]

  1. To update page content see reference files in folder /Victoria 3/game/common/laws:
    1. Each law type has its own txt file (named after the law type).
  2. To update flavor text see reference files in folder /Victoria 3/game/localization/english:
    1. For laws flavor text see reference file laws_l_english.yml.
    2. For modifiers flavor text see reference file modifiers_l_english.yml.
    3. For institutions flavor text see reference file institutions_l_english.yml.
    4. For inventions flavor text see reference file inventions_l_english.yml.