Political party

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Victoria 3: June 2022 Update. The team talks about the building blocks of society, including: Elections, Parties, Conversion and Assimilation, and Unification.
An in-government political party and the opposition parties with some election details.

A political party is an alliance between interest groups. They appear in countries that have elections, and are absent in countries without them, differentiating the experience and mechanics of democracies from autocracies.

Interest groups band together into political parties for the purposes of elections and forming governments. There are many dynamic names and conditions that work to create plausible and flavourful parties no matter which direction the player chooses to guide their country.

Party types[edit | edit source]

There are 11 potential political parties that interest groups can join. Many of these parties are aligned primarily around a particular interest group's core ideologies, which other IGs may join under the right circumstances. Other parties are aligned more strongly with leader Ideologies that emerge throughout the game, such as the Communist party and the Radical party.

At any given time, any combination of these parties might or not exist. Parties emerge and disband dynamically, so the political landscape can be very different between countries and playthroughs.

The following parties can emerge throughout the game:

  • The Agrarian party
  • The Anarchist Society
  • The Communist party
  • The Conservative party
  • The Fascist party
  • The Free Trade party
  • The Liberal party
  • The Military party
  • The Radical party
  • The Religious party
  • The Social Democratic party

The Liberal party, for instance, is the natural home of the intelligentsia due to their liberal ideology, but they may be swayed towards other parties under various circumstances.

Note: Each of these parties has a variety of dynamic names based on national, cultural, and religious factors. For example, in Flag of Great Britain Great Britain the Conservative party is localized as the Tories, while in Flag of America America they are known as the Democratic party.

Party formation[edit | edit source]

Interest groups (IG's) may join a political party if they are not marginalized and if their country has any of the laws that allow elections.

Which political party an interest group will join is determined by a wide variety of factors, some of which are:

  • IG's with the Republican, Radical, Market Liberal, or Reformer leader ideologies are much more likely to join the Liberal party.
  • The IG industrialists.png industrialists are more likely to be drawn towards the Conservative party if the country has public healthcare or schools, or when voting laws allow the lower strata to vote.
  • Weaker IG's might join the Agrarian party alongside the IG rural folk.png rural folk in a push to abolish Serfdom. Scandinavian countries are much more likely to develop an Agrarian party.
  • In a Council Republic, IGs led by anarchist leaders might leave the Communist party if the country's ruler is a vanguardist.
  • When an IG with a Fascist leader becomes powerful, weaker conservative IGs might join the Fascist party in a bid to retain their political relevance.
  • If a powerful IG has a Social Democratic leader, weaker leftist IGs may fall in line behind their more moderate cousins. Likewise, weaker Social Democrats might join a stronger Communist party.
Party Requirements
Party Requirements to Form Requirements to Join
Agrarian Party Agrarian Rural Folk are powerful None
Anarchist Party Anarchist Researched Anarchism, any non-marginalized interest group that has Anarchist ideology Has Anarchist ideology
Communist Party Communist Researched Socialism Not Industrialists or Landowners and has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
Conservative Party Conservative Landowners are not marginalized Not Trade Unions
Fascist Party Fascist Researched Political Agitation None
Free Trade Party Free Trade Industrialists are powerful OR any powerful interest group has Market Liberal ideology None
Liberal Party Liberal Intelligentsia are not marginalized Does not have Fascist, Ethno-Nationalist, Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
Military Party Military Armed Forces are powerful None
Radical Party Radical Researched Egalitarianism, any non-marginalized interest group that has Radical ideology Not Landowners or Devout and does not have Fascist, Ethno-Nationalist, Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
Religious Party Religious None None
Social Democratic Party Social Democrats Researched Labor Movement, Trade Unions are not marginalized OR any non-marginalized interest group has Social Democrat ideology Not Landowners or Industrialists and does not have Fascist, Ethno-Nationalist, Traditionalist, Royalist or Theocrat ideology
Agrarian Party Agrarian Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base value
+10 Is powerful and has Agrarian ideology
+10 Is not powerful and opposes Serfdom and country has Serfdom
+10 Is Rural Folk or Intelligentsia and country has a primary culture with Scandinavian Heritage
+6 Has Pacifist ideology and country does not have No Colonial Affairs
+6 Has Isolationist, Populist or Reactionary ideology and country has No Migration Controls
+6 Has Liberal or Particularist ideology and country has Local Police Force or Militarized Police Force
+6 Has Meritocratic, Agrarian or Social Democrat ideology and country has Land-Based Taxation
+6 Has Proletarian, Agrarian or Paternalistic ideology and does not have Market Liberal ideology and country has Free Trade
+6 Has Proletarian or Agrarian ideology and does not have Market Liberal ideology and country has Laissez-Faire
+6 Has Jingoist, Particularist, Sikh Moralis, Fascist, Anarchist or Pacifist ideology and country has Peasant Levies
+10 Has Egalitarian, Anti-Slavery, Laissez-Faire, Particularist, Abolitionist, Social Democrat or Communist ideology and country has Serfdom
+10 Has Anti-Slavery or Abolitionist ideology and country has Debt Slavery
−20 Rural Folk are not members of the party
Anarchist Party Anarchist Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base value
+6 Has Anarchist ideology
+10 Is powerful and has Anarchist ideology
+10 Has Anarchist ideology, country has Council Republic and ruler is Vanguardist
+5 Has Anarchist ideology and any non-marginalized interest group has Communist or Vanguardist ideology
+3 Has Radical or Anarchist ideology and country has Outlawed Dissent or Censorship
+3 Has Liberal or Egalitarian ideology and country has Outlawed Dissent
+3 Has Meritocratic, Agrarian or Social Democrat ideology and country has Land-Based Taxation
+3 Has Anti-Clerical or Atheist ideology and country has State Religion
+3 Has Jingoist, Particularist, Sikh Moralist, Anarchist or Pacifist ideology and country has Peasant Levies
+5 Has Anti-Slavery or Abolitionist ideology and country has Slave Trade or Legacy Slavery
+5 Has Egalitarian, Anti-Slavery, Laissez-Faire, Particularist, Abolitionist, Social Democrat or Communist ideology and country has Serfdom
+3 Has Republican, Populist, Atheist or Radical ideology and country has Monarchy or Theocracy
Communist Party Communist Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base value
+10 Has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
+10 Is powerful and has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
+6 Is not powerful and has Social Democrat or Radical ideology and any powerful interest group has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
−10 Has Anarchist ideology and country has Council Republic and ruler is Vanguardist
−3 Has Reactionary ideology
+2 Is Trade Unions
−3 Leader is Moderate
+3 Has Meritocratic, Agrarian or Social Democrat ideology and country has Land-Based Taxation
+3 Has Anti-Clerical or Atheist ideology and country has State Religion
+3 Has Proletarian, Agrarian or Paternalistic ideology and does not have Market Liberal ideology and country has Free Trade
+3 Has Proletarian or Agrarian ideology and does not have Market Liberal ideology and country has Lassiez-Faire
+3 Has Proletarian or Social Democrat Ideology and country does not have Graduated Taxation
+3 Has Loyalist ideology and country does not have Per-Capita Taxation, Proportional Taxation or Graduated Taxation
+5 Has Egalitarian, Anti-Slavery, Laissez-Faire, Particularist, Abolitionist, Social Democrat or Communist ideology and country has Serfdom
+5 Has Anti-Slavery or Abolitionist ideology and country has Legacy Slavery or Slave Trade
+3 Has Republican, Populist, Atheist or Radical ideology and country has Monarchy or Theocracy
Conservative Party Conservative Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base value
−20 Has Communist, Vanguardist, Anarchist, Social Democrat, Radical or Atheist ideology
+5 Has Traditionalist, Royalist, Theocrat or Slaver ideology
+5 Has Paternalistic, Stratocratic, Patriarchal or Moralist ideology
+5 Is Armed Forces and powerful party member has Jingoist ideology
+5 Is Landowners and clout is at least 15%
−5 Has Feminist, Pacifist or Reformer ideology
−20 Has Abolitionist ideology and country does not have Slavery Banned
+5 Has Patriotic ideology
+5 Has Plutocratic or Paternalistic ideology and country has Universal Suffrage
+2 Has Plutocratic or Stratocratic ideology and country has Graduated Taxation
+2 Has Individualist ideology and country has Public Health Insurance
+2 Has Individualist or Pious ideology and country has Public Schools
+5 Has Moralist ideology and country has Total Separation
+3 Has Moralist ideology and country has Freedom of Conscience
+3 Has Patriarchal ideology and country has Women's Suffrage
+2 Has Patriarchal ideology and country has Women in the Workplace
+2 Has Reactionary ideology and country has Multiculturalism
+2 Has Patriotic ideology and country has Guaranteed Liberties
+3 Researched Law Enforcement, has Patriarchal ideology and country has Right of Assembly or Protected Speech
+3 Has Moralist or Paternalistic ideology and country does not have Monarchy or Theocracy
+5 Has Stratocratic or Laissez-Faire ideology and country has Regulatory Bodies or Worker's Protections
+5 Has Stratocratic or Individualist ideology and country has Wage Subsidies or Old Age Pension
+3 Researched Law Enforcement, has Paternalist or Patriotic ideology and country has No Police
+35 Leader is Andrew Jackson
Fascist Party Fascist Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base value
+10 Has Fascist or Ethno-Nationalist ideology
+10 Is powerful and has Fascist ideology
+5 Has Reactionary ideology
+5 Is not powerful and is Landowners, Devout, Petite Bourgeoisie, Industrialists or Armed Forces and any powerful interest group has Fascist ideology
−10 Has Atheist, Feminist, Reformer, Abolitionist or Pacifist ideology
−2 Is Trade Unions
−2 Has Market Liberal ideology
−3 Leader is Moderate
+4 Has Patriotic ideology
+5 Has Isolationist ideology and country has No Migration Controls
+3 Researched Law Enforcement, has Paternalist or Patriotic ideology and country has No Police
+3 Has Jingoist, Particularist, Sikh Moralist or Fascist ideology and country has Peasant Levies
+3 Has Meritocratic ideology and country does not have Proportional Taxation or Per-Capita Taxation
+3 Has Loyalist ideology and country does not have Graduated Taxation, Proportional Taxation or Per-Capita Taxation
Free Trade Party Free Trade Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base Value
+5 Has Laissez-Faire or Market Liberal ideology
+10 Is powerful and has Laissez-Faire or Market Liberal ideology
+5 Is not powerful has Market Liberal ideology and Industrialists are powerful
+5 Has Stratocratic or Laissez-Faire ideology and country has Regulatory Bodies or Worker Protections
+5 Has Stratocratic or Individualist ideology and country has Wage Subsidies or Old Age Pension
+3 Has Laissez-Faire or Market Liberal ideology and country does not have Child Labor Allowed
+3 Has Laissez-Faire or Market Liberal ideology and country does not have Free Trade
+3 Has Plutocratic ideology and country does not have Oligarchy or Wealth Voting
+3 Has Republican ideology and country has Autocracy
+3 Has Paternalistic or Fascist ideology and country has Universal Suffrage
+3 Researched Currency Standards, has Plutocratic or Meritocratic ideology and country does not have Per-Capita Taxation or Consumption-Based Taxation
+3 Has Plutocratic, Meritocratic or Stratocratic ideology and country has Graduated Taxation
+3 Has Agrarian or Stratocratic ideology and country does not have Per-Capita Taxation or Consumption-Based Taxation
+3 Researched Central Planning, Has Paternalistic, Laissez-Faire, Agrarian or Market Liberal ideology and country has Command Economy
+3 Researched Academia, Has Individualist or Anti-Clerical ideology and country has No Schools or Religious Schools
Liberal Party Liberal Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base Value
+5 Has Republican, Radical, Reformer or Market Liberal ideology
+5 Has Liberal or Laissez-Faire Ideology
+5 Has Feminist, Abolitionist, Pacifist, Social Democrat or Atheist ideology
−5 Has Traditionalist, Royalist, Theocrat or Slaver ideology
+3 Has Meritocratic or Anti-Clerical ideology and country has Hereditary Bureaucrats
+5 Is Armed Forces and powerful party member has Jingoist ideology
+3 Has Individualist or Proletarian ideology and country has No Schools or Religious Schools
+3 Has Feminist, Liberal or Egalitarian ideology and country has Legal Guardianship
+3 Has Reformer or Liberal ideology and country has Ethnostate, National Supremacy or Racial Segregation
+3 Has Liberal or Egalitarian ideology and country has Outlawed Dissent
+3 Has Liberal or Particularist ideology and country has Local Police Force or Militarized Police Force
+3 Has Anti-Clerical or Atheist ideology and country has State Religion
+3 Has Republican, Populist, Atheist or Radical ideology and country has Monarchy or Theocracy
+5 Has Particularist or Abolitionist ideology and country has Debt Slavery
+5 Has Anti-Slavery or Abolitionist ideology and country has Legacy Slavery or Slave Trade
+5 Has Egalitarian, Anti-Slavery, Laissez-Faire, Particularist, Abolitionist, Social Democrat or Communist ideology and country has Serfdom
Military Party Military Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base Value
−20 Armed Forces are not members of the party
+10 Is Armed Forces and powerful
+10 Leader is Jingoist
+3 Researched Law Enforcement, has Paternalist or Patriotic ideology and country has No Police
+3 Has Jingoist, Particularist, Sikh Moralist, Fascist, Anarchist or Pacifist ideology and country has Peasant Levies
+3 Has Proletarian, Social Democrat or Loyalist ideology and country does not have Per-Capita Taxation, Proportional Taxation or Graduated Taxation
+3 Has Meritocratic ideology and country does not have Per-Capita Taxation or Proportional Taxation
Radical Party Radical Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base Value
+5 Has Radical ideology
+10 Is powerful and has Radical Ideology
−5 Has Radical ideology and is not powerful and any powerful interest group has Liberal ideology
+10 Has Liberal ideology and is not powerful and any powerful interest group has Radical ideology
+10 Has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology and is not powerful and any powerful interest group has Radical ideology and country does not have Council Republic
+10 Has Feminist, Abolitionist, Pacifist, Social Democrat, Reformer or Atheist ideology or leader is Republican
+10 Has Republican, Populist, Atheist or Radical ideology and country has Monarchy or Theocracy
+3 Has Particularist ideology and country has Serfdom or Debt Slavery
−3 Leader is Moderate
+10 Has Republican, Populist, Radical or Social Democrat ideology and country does not have Universal Suffrage
+3 Has Radical or Anarchist ideology and country has Outlawed Dissent or Censorship
+6 Has Liberal or Egalitarian ideology and country has Outlawed Dissent
+6 Has Liberal or Radical ideology and country has National Guard or Secret Police
+3 Has Anti-Slavery or Abolitionist ideology and country has Legacy Slavery or Slave Trade
+3 Has Egalitarian, Anti-Slavery, Laissez-Faire, Particularist, Abolitionist, Social Democrat or Communist ideology and country has Serfdom
Religious Party Religious Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base Value
−5 Is Landowners and is not marginalized
+5 Is Devout and country has Theocracy
−20 Devout are not members of the party
+10 Is Devout and is powerful
+10 Has Traditionalist or Theocrat ideology and is not powerful and Devout are powerful
−15 Has Anti-Clerical or Atheist ideology
+3 Has Patriarchal ideology and country has Women's Suffrage
Social Democratic Party Social Democrat Party Attraction
Modifier Condition
−5 Base Value
+5 Has Social Democrat ideology
+5 Has Social Democrat ideology and is powerful
−5 Has Social Democrat ideology and is not powerful and any powerful interest group has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
+6 Has Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology and is not powerful and any powerful interest group has Social Democrat ideology and country does not have Council Republic
+5 Has Liberal ideology and is not powerful and any powerful interest group has Social Democrat ideology
+5 Has Feminist, Abolitionist, Pacifist, Radical, Reformer or Atheist ideology or leader is Republican
−5 Has Market Liberal ideology
+5 Is Trade Unions and is powerful and does not have Communist, Vanguardist or Anarchist ideology
+3 Has Liberal or Egalitarian ideology and country has Outlawed Dissent
+3 Has Meritocratic, Agrarian or Social Democrat ideology and country has Land-Based Taxation
+3 Has Loyalist ideology and country has Consumption-Based Taxation
+3 Has Republican, Populist, Atheist or Radical ideology and country has Monarchy or Theocracy
+3 Has Individualist or Proletarian ideology and country has No Schools or Religious Schools
+3 Has Proletarian, Agrarian or Paternalistic ideology and does not have Market Liberal ideology and country has Free Trade
+3 Has Proletarian or Agrarian ideology and country has Laissez-Faire
+3 Has Proletarian or Social Democrat ideology and country does not have Graduated Taxation
+3 Has Loyalist ideology and country does not have Per-Capita Taxation, Proportional Taxation or Graduated Taxation
+5 Has Egalitarian, Anti-Slavery, Laissez-Faire, Particularist, Abolitionist, Social Democrat or Communist ideology and country has Serfdom
+5 Has Anti-Slavery or Abolitionist ideology and country has Legacy Slavery or Debt Slavery

Shared momentum[edit | edit source]

Just as parties ally together when they form a government, they also share their momentum in elections, which determines their votes. During the election campaign period (which lasts 6 months before the final votes are cast), the player is likely to get events relating to the various party's campaign efforts that can have a major impact on momentum. These events are inspired by the campaigns and scandals of the period.

If, for instance, the fascist leader of the IG petty bourgeoisie.png petite bourgeoisie joins the Conservative party and is caught up in a political scandal, the whole party suffers the electoral consequences. On the other hand, as the IG landowners.png Landowners begin to lose their political relevance in an increasingly industrialized economy they might cling to relevance by attaching themselves to the rising Fascist party, who may bring them political power from the votes the whole party gains in the election.

Bloc[edit | edit source]

Interest groups must be added or removed from government as a single bloc, which means that the player will need to make strategic decisions about the makeup of their government and deal with the consequences. For example, the Liberal party may contain both the IG intelligensia.png intelligentsia and the IG industrialists.png industrialists, who will both back plans to move toward a free market economy but diverge on the issue of child labor.

Sometimes an opposition interest group might decide that it wants to join a party currently in government (or vice versa). In this circumstance, the interest group will leave their old party and be marked as "wanting to join" their new party. This won't force any interest group into or out of government, but if the player decide to reform their government under these circumstances then they must treat that interest group as being a member of the new party, bringing them into or out of government as a single bloc.

References[edit | edit source]