Power structure laws

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See also: Laws
The numbers in green refer to the number of alternative laws currently available to be enacted in that sub-category.

Power structure laws determine who is in control of different aspects of the country.

It includes fundamental Governance Principles such as monarchy and parliamentary republic, which determine who will be the nation's head of state is and what kind of powers they wield.

Distribution of Power ranges from autocracy and oligarchy through various extensions of the voting franchise all the way to universal suffrage.

Citizenship and Church and State laws govern which pops suffer legal discrimination in the country due to their culture or religion.

The principles on which Bureaucracy is run -- such as hereditary or elected positions for bureaucrats -- determine how expensive it is to keep track of each citizen and how much institutions cost to run, but also directly benefit some groups over others.

Conscription lets the player raise a part of the civilian workforce as soldiers in times of war, and Internal Security governs how the home affairs anti-insurgent institution works.

Governance Principles[edit | edit source]

The foundational principles and authority by which your country is governed. Determines who the Head of State is.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Opinions
Monarchy icon
Monarchy
A form of governance where an aristocratic dynasty represents the country's national identity and yields executive powers to the royal head of the dynasty.
NoLaw anarchy.png Anarchy
  • Hud authority.png Gain +200 authority
  • IG landowners.png +25% Landowners political strength
  • Legitimacy.png +20 Legitimacy from including the head of state in government
  • +10% Government ideology penalty
  • IG devout.pngDevout strongly approve
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners strongly approve
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions strongly disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie approve
Presidential Republic icon
Presidential Republic
A political system where power is held by the people and their elected representatives. Republics have an elected or nominated President as Head of State.
Invention democracy.png Democracy
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • +10% Government ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +20 Legitimacy from votes
  • IG devout.pngDevout Neutral
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners Neutral
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions Neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie Neutral
Parliamentary Republic icon
Parliamentary Republic
A political system where power is held by the people and their elected representatives. The leader of the legislature acts as the Head of State and is referred to as Chancellor.
Invention democracy.png Democracy
  • +1 Government size allowance
  • Legitimacy.png +20 Legitimacy from votes
  • IG devout.pngDevout Neutral
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners Neutral
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions Neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie Neutral
Theocracy icon
Theocracy
The government is ruled by a clergy and their interpretation of holy scripture. The Head of State is nominally the person of worship, though in practice a worldly representative selected by merit, status, or birth.
  • Hud authority.png Gain +200 authority
  • IG devout.png +25% Devout political strength
  • Legitimacy.png +20 Legitimacy from including the head of state in government
  • +10% Government ideology penalty
  • IG devout.pngDevout approve
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners approve
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions strongly disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie approve
Council Republic icon
Council Republic
A political system where workers elect delegates to local councils. Extends concepts of workplace organization to general governance.
Invention socialism.png Socialism
  • +1 Government size allowance
  • -10% Government ideology penalty
  • Pop farmers.png +25% Farmers political strength
  • Pop machinists.png +25% Machinists political strength
  • IG devout.pngDevout strongly disapprove
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists strongly disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners strongly disapprove
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions Neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie disapprove
Chiefdom icon
Chiefdom
A hierarchical pre-industrial political system based on kinship, with a warlord or elder of a prominent family at the head. It is incapable of efficient centralized control over entire states.
Yes Is a decentralized country
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • Legitimacy.png +20 Legitimacy from including the head of state in government

Distribution of Power[edit | edit source]

How political power is distributed. Determines who the Head of State is accountable to.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Opinions
Autocracy icon
Autocracy
The Head of State's power is absolute and they are held accountable to no earthly power.
  • Hud authority.png Gain +200 authority
  • Legitimacy.png +30 Legitimacy from including the head of state in government
  • +50% Government ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +120 Legitimacy from govenrment clout
  • Pop aristocrats.png +50% Aristocrats political strength
  • NoLaw elected bureaucrats.png Disable Elected Bureaucrats law
  • Information Political parties will disappear
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialistsdisapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners strongly approve
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions strongly disapprove
Oligarchy icon
Oligarchy
The Head of State shares power and responsibility with a small group of powerful, unelected individuals.
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • Legitimacy.png +10 Legitimacy from including the head of state in government
  • +2 Government size allowance
  • -10% Government ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +120 Legitimacy from govenrment clout
  • Pop aristocrats.png +50% Aristocrats political strength
  • Pop capitalists.png +25% Capitalists political strength
  • NoLaw elected bureaucrats.png Disable Elected Bureaucrats law
  • Information Political parties will disappear
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialistsapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners approve
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions strongly disapprove
Landed Voting icon
Landed Voting
Those who own land or capital property are given a vote.
  • Invention democracy.png Democracy
  • NoLaw chiefdom.png Chiefdom
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • +1 Government size allowance
  • +20% Government ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +100 Legitimacy from govenrment clout
  • Legitimacy.png +40 Legitimacy from votes
  • Pop aristocrats.png +50 Aristocrats political strength
  • Pop capitalists.png +25 Capitalists political strength
  • Pop clergymen.png +25 Clergymen political strength
  • Pop officers.png +25 Officers political strength
  • Information Political parties will emerge
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners strongly approve
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions disapprove
Wealth Voting icon
Wealth Voting
Wealthy citizens are granted a vote. Men of more wealth are granted more votes.
  • Invention democracy.png Democracy
  • NoLaw chiefdom.png Chiefdom
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • +40 Political strength from votes
  • +25 Wealth threshold for voting
  • +1 Government size allowance
  • +20% Government ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +75 Legitimacy from govenrment clout
  • Legitimacy.png +65 Legitimacy from votes
  • Information Political parties will emerge
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists approve
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners Neutral
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions disapprove
Census Suffrage icon
Census Suffrage
Literate men of particular status is given a vote.
  • Invention democracy.png Democracy
  • NoLaw chiefdom.png Chiefdom
  • Hud authority.png Gain +50 authority
  • +30 Political strength from literate pops' votes
  • +15 Wealth threshold for voting
  • +1 Government size allowance
  • +10% Government ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +55 Legitimacy from govenrment clout
  • Legitimacy.png +85 Legitimacy from votes
  • Information Political parties will emerge
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners disapprove
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions Neutral
Universal Suffrage icon
Universal Suffrage
Every adult man is given an equal vote.
  • Invention egalitarianism.png Egalitarianism
  • NoLaw chiefdom.png Chiefdom
  • +20 Political strength from votes
  • +1 Government size allowance
  • Legitimacy.png +25 Legitimacy from govenrment clout
  • Legitimacy.png +110 Legitimacy from votes
  • Information Political parties will emerge
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists strongly disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners strongly disapprove
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions strongly approve
Anarchy icon
Anarchy
Local communities govern their own affairs and send representatives to serve limited terms on larger cooperative councils. With no formal hierarchies central authority is difficult to exercise.
  • Invention anarchy.png Anarchy
  • Law council republic.png Council Republic
  • Hud authority.png−50% authority
  • +1 Universal pop political strength
  • −75% Political strength from wealth
  • +2 Government size allowance
  • Legitimacy.png +100 Legitimacy from government clout
  • Information Political parties will disappear
  • IG industrialists.pngIndustrialists strongly disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly disapprove
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners strongly disapprove
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions approve
Elder Council icon
Elder Council
The most venerated men have a say in the nation's governance.
  • Yes Is a decentralized country
  • Law chiefdom.png Chiefdom
  • Hud authority.png Gain +200 authority
  • Legitimacy.png +20 Legitimacy
  • +2 Governement site allowance
  • -10% Governement ideology penalty
  • Legitimacy.png +100 Legitimacy from government clout
  • Pop aristocrats.png +50% Aristocrats political strength
  • Pop clergymen.png +50% Clergymen political strength
  • Pop officers.png +50% Officers political strength
  • NoLaw elected bureaucrats.png Disable Elected Bureaucrats law
  • Information Political parties will disappear


Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Extending the rights of citizenship.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Opinions
Ethnostate icon
Ethnostate
All foreign cultures are discriminated against.
Invention nationalism.png Nationalism
  • Hud authority.png Gain +200 authority
  • Political loyalist.png +20% Loyalists from standard of living increase for pops of accepted cultures
  • Political radical.png -20% Radicals from standard of living decrease for pops of accepted cultures
  • Yes Only a primary culture is accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.png Devout Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.png Intelligentsia strongly disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png Petite Bourgeoisie approve
National Supremacy icon
National Supremacy
Foreign cultures are discriminated against unless they share both heritage and language (or other customs).
  • Hud authority.png Gain +150 authority
  • Political loyalist.png +15% Loyalists from standard of living increase for pops of accepted cultures
  • Political radical.png -15% Radicals from standard of living decrease for pops of accepted cultures
  • Yes Any culture sharing a heritage culture trait with a primary culture and a culture trait (which is not a heritage culture trait) with a primary culture
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.png Devout approve
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie strongly approve
Racial Segregation icon
Racial Segregation
Foreign cultures of different heritage are discriminated against.
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • Political loyalist.png +10% Loyalists from standard of living increase for pops of accepted cultures
  • Political radical.png -10% Radicals from standard of living decrease for pops of accepted cultures
  • Yes Any culture sharing a heritage trait with a primary culture is accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.pngDevout Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie approve
Cultural Exclusion icon
Cultural Exclusion
Foreign cultures with nothing in common with your primary cultures are discriminated against.
  • Law debt slavery.png Debt Slavery
  • Law slavery banned.png Slavery Banned
  • Hud authority.png Gain +50 authority
  • Political loyalist.png +5% Loyalists from standard of living increase for pops of accepted cultures
  • Political radical.png -5% Radicals from standard of living decrease for pops of accepted cultures
  • Yes Any culture sharing a cultural trait with a primary culture is accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.pngDevout disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie Neutral
Multiculturalism icon
Multiculturalism
No cultures are discriminated against.
  • Invention egalitarianism.png Egalitarianism
  • Law slavery banned.png Slavery Banned
  • Yes All cultures are accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.pngDevout strongly disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie strongly disapprove

Church and State[edit | edit source]

The relationship between physical and spiritual governors.

Law Requirements Forbids/Excludes Effects Interest Group Opinions
State Religion icon
State Religion
The church is an official organ of the state. All minority religions are discriminated against.
NoLaw public schools.png Public schools
  • Hud authority.png Gain +200 authority
  • IG devout.png +30% Devout political strength
  • Political radical.png -10% Radicals from standard of living decrease for pops of accepted religions
  • Political loyalist.png +10% Loyalists from standard of living growth for pops of accepted religions
  • Yes Only a state religion is accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.pngDevout strongly approve
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
Freedom of Conscience icon
Freedom of Conscience
The state has an official state religion but the people may choose what to believe. Only particularly exotic religions are discriminated against.
  • Invention rationalism.png Rationalism
  • NoLaw theocracy.png Theocracy
  • Hud authority.png Gain +100 authority
  • IG devout.png +15% Devout political strength
  • Political radical.png -5% Radicals from standard of living decreases for pops of accepted religions
  • Political loyalist.png +5% Loyalists from standard of living increases for pops of accepted religions
  • Yes Any religion sharing a trait with a state religion is accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.pngDevout Neutral
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia approve
Total Separation icon
Total Separation
No church or faith may interfere in government functions. No religion may be discriminated against.
  • Invention empiricism.png Empiricism
  • NoLaw theocracy.png Theocracy
NoLaw religious schools.png Religious Schools
  • Yes All religions are accepted
  • Information Pops will recalculate their interest group support
  • IG devout.pngDevout strongly disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly approve

Bureaucracy[edit | edit source]

How your country is administered.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Opinions
Hereditary Bureaucrats icon
Hereditary Bureaucrats
Bureacrats hold their position through traditional inheritance, passing on the responsiblities to their children.
  • Hud bureaucracy.png −25% Population cost multiplier
  • IG landowners.png +25% Landowners political strength
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie disapprove
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners approve
Appointed Bureaucrats icon
Appointed Bureaucrats
Bureacrats are appointed by rulers to serve the country's best interests in exchange for high wages.
  • Hud money.png +25% Taxation Capacity
  • IG intelligensia.png +25% Intelligentsia political strength
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie Neutral
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners Neutral
Elected Bureaucrats icon
Elected Bureaucrats
Local governors are elected by their constitutents, decentralizing power while making citizens easier to manage.
  • NoLaw autocracy.png Autocracy
  • NoLaw elder council.png Elder Council
  • NoLaw oligarchy.png Oligarchy
  • Hud bureaucracy.png −15% Institution cost multiplier
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.png +25% Petite bourgeoisie political strength
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners disapprove

Army Model[edit | edit source]

How your army is organized and regulated.

Law Requirements Effects Default Interest Group Opinions
Peasant Levies icon
Peasant Levies
The army's main force comes from conscripted infantry with zero to basic training.
  • +10% Morale loss
  • IG landowners.png +25% Landowners political strength
  • +25 Barracks Barracks Max Level
  • +25 Conscription Center Conscription Center Max Level
  • −25% Market military goods.png Military Goods Cost
  • +2% Conscription rate
  • Pop officers.png Most officers qualifications will originate from aristocrats
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners approve
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces disapprove
  • IG rural folk.pngRural Folk disapprove
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions Neutral
Professional Army icon
Professional Army
The army consists of well-trained, professional regulars.
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces strongly approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners Neutral
  • IG rural folk.pngRural Folk Neural
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions disapprove
National Militia icon
National Militia
The standing army is small, but local militias can be activated to defend their homes.
Invention mandatory service.png Mandatory Service
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed forces disapprove
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners Neutral
  • IG rural folk.pngRural Folk strongly approve
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions strongly approve
Mass Conscription icon
Mass Conscription
Large numbers of infantry conscripts can be activated as needed to supplement the professional army.
Invention nationalism.png Nationalism
  • +5% Morale loss
  • +100 Barracks Barracks Max Level
  • +100 Conscription Center Conscription Center Max Level
  • +4% Conscription rate
  • +100% Training Rate (Scaled by building level)
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces approve
  • IG landowners.pngLandowners disapprove
  • IG rural folk.pngRural Folk disapprove
  • IG trade unions.pngTrade Unions approve

Internal Security[edit | edit source]

Keeping your own affairs in order.

Law Requirements Effects Interest Group Opinions
No Home Affairs icon
No Home Affairs
The state makes no special attempts to put a stop to unrest and uprisings.
IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces disapprove

IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie disapprove

IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia Neutral

National Guard icon
National Guard
The state may use military force to suppress domestic unrest.
Invention army reserves.png Army Reserves
  • Institution home affairs.png Enables home affairs institution investment
  • Institution home affairs.png Home affairs institution:
    • +0.5% Conscription rate
    • -10% Revolution/Secession progression speed
    • −5% Political movement radicalism
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie approve
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
Secret Police icon
Secret Police
The secret police keep close track of radical elements and dissenters.
Invention central archives.png Central Archives
  • Institution home affairs.png Enables home affairs institution investment
  • Institution home affairs.png +2 Max home affairs institution investment
  • Institution home affairs.png Home affairs institution:
    • −5% Suppression impact on interest group attraction
    • -10% Revolution/Secession progression speed
    • −10% Political movement radicalism
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces approve
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie approve
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia disapprove
Guaranteed Liberties icon
Guaranteed Liberties
The state is prohibited by law to investigate or interfere with its own citizens.
  • Law protected speech.png Protected Speech
  • Law right of assembly.png Right of Assembly
  • Institution home affairs.png Enables home affairs institution investment
  • Institution home affairs.png +2 Max home affairs investment
  • Institution home affairs.png Home affairs institution:
    • -10% Revolution/Secession progression speed
    • Political radical.png−5% Radicals from standard of living decreases
    • Political loyalist.png+5% Loyalists from standard of living increases
  • IG armed forces.pngArmed Forces strongly disapprove
  • IG petty bourgeoisie.pngPetite Bourgeoisie strongly disapprove
  • IG intelligensia.pngIntelligentsia strongly approve

References[edit | edit source]

  1. To update page content see reference files in folder /Victoria 3/game/common/laws:
    1. Each law type has its own txt file (named after the law type).
  2. To update flavor text see reference files in folder /Victoria 3/game/localization/english:
    1. For laws flavor text see reference file laws_l_english.yml.
    2. For modifiers flavor text see reference file modifiers_l_english.yml.
    3. For institutions flavor text see reference file institutions_l_english.yml.
    4. For inventions flavor text see reference file inventions_l_english.yml.